Thursday, 20th September 1888
When the evidence given by the doctor yesterday in the case of the second of the Whitechapel atrocities becomes generally known, we are likely to experience a new and more serious phase of the murder panic. The extent to which the mind of the public has been unhinged by what has already happened was graphically illustrated by what occurred in Picadilly on Wednesday morning. An assault on a woman was magnified into another mysterious murder, and the story was swallowed without hesitation. But there can be no doubt that the evidence of Dr Phillips places the Whitechapel crimes in a most alarming light. Since the days when Burke and Hare made murder their means of livelihood no more atrocious and appalling crime than the cold-blooded butchering of the woman Chapman has been perpetrated. The most shocking feature of the case is that in view of all the circumstances it is difficult to believe that the criminal is a lunatic. The actual crime might have been committed by a madman, but it could not have been planned by one. There is a good deal to be said for Dr Phillips' objection to make public the evidence he gave yesterday. Publicity may assist in the detection of the culprit, but it is much more likely to have the opposite effect.
The inquest on the body of Annie Chapman, who was murdered in Hanbury-street on the morning of the 8th inst, was resumed by Mr. Wynne Baxter, at Whitechapel this afternoon.
Eliza Cooper, of 35 Dorset-street, deposed that she was a hawker and lodged at that address five months. She knew deceased. Witness had a quarrel with her on Tuesday before her death. Afterwards she noticed deceased's face was marked. The last time witness saw her alive was Wednesday, 5th inst, in the Ringers' public house. Deceased had three brass rings on her left hand. The deceased associated with a man named Ted Stanley and others. She used to bring them to the publichouse.
Dr G Baxter Phillips, recalled, proceeded to give additional details of the results of his examination of the body. Certain incisions and bruises led him to the conclusion that the woman was seized by the chin while the incisions in the throat were being inflicted. He thought that if he gave any further details of the results of his examination it would be thwarting justice.
The Coroner intimated that at this stage ladies and boys should leave the court; and the Foreman of the jury said the jury were of opinion that the evidence which the doctor desired to keep back should be given.
Dr Phillips - The evidence will not elucidate the cause of death.
The Coroner - That is a matter of opinion.
Dr Phillips - Death took place before the injury was inflicted.
The Coroner - That is a matter of opinion, doctor, and it might be rebutted by other medical evidence at the inquest.
The doctor's medical evidence on the first day was read over.
Dr Phillips said the abdominal walls had been removed, and there was a greater portion of skin removed on the right side than on the left. The portion constituting the naval was wanting.
The witness proceeded to give details of the condition of the internal organs. The weapon used was probably five or six inches, or more, in length. The manner of cutting the body indicated a certain amount of anatomical knowledge. In reply to the Coroner witness added that he himself could not have inflicted the injuries under a quarter of an hour, even in a hurried manner.
Elizabeth Young, living at No. 3 Church-row, deposed to seeing deceased with a tall dark man like a foreigner, about half-past five on the morning of the 8th, in Hanbury-street. They were talking. The man said "Will you?" and the woman replied "Yes." Witness left them standing together.
Edward Stanley, bricklayer's labourer, stated that he was known as the "pensioner." He knew deceased and sometimes visited her. He denied that he stayed with her as stated by the keeper of the lodginghouse, and said he voluntarily went to Commercial-street Police-station and offered to give evidence.
Some other witnesses having been examined, a discussion took place as to whether a reward should be offered, and several of the jury expressed themselves strongly to the effect that the Government ought to come forward in that direction.
The inquest was then adjourned for a week.