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Evening Standard (London)
21 September 1888

THE WHITECHAPEL MURDER
TO THE EDITOR OF THE STANDARD

SIR,- As the question has once or twice arisen, in connection with the last murder in Whitechapel, as to whether an image of the murderer might me found on the retina of the victim, perhaps you will allow me to say that, under the circumstances, such a thing would be impossible.

I have gone somewhat deeply into the subject of the effect of light and colour on the retina, and I know, from repeated experiments, that an impression of an object can only be retained on the retina by fixing the eye immoveably on one particular point on the object for several seconds; and, even in that case, the object must be strongly illuminated. It is not conceivable, in the terrible struggle which must have taken place, that the woman's eye could have been immoveably fixed for any appreciable period; but even if it had been, the retina would require to be chemically treated almost instantly to retain even a faint impression.

There is no doubt that a kind of bleaching process goes on while the retina is under the influence of strong light, and this is corrected, when the light is removed, by the colouring matter which probably exists among the rods and cones of the retina. The photochemical changes which take place in the retina under strong light are an abstruse but deeply interesting study; but so far as investigations have hitherto gone, there is no ground whatever for supposing that an image of any object could be discerned on the retina after death. Those who are interested in he subject will find an account of some curious experiments of mine in the "Nineteenth Century" for October, 1883.

I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
SYDNEY HODGES
19, Pont-street, September 20


COURT CIRCULAR

BALMORAL, SEPT. 20

The Queen went out yesterday morning, accompanied by Princess Beatrice and Princess Alice of Hesse, and in the afternoon her Majesty drove out, attended by the Dowager Lady Churchill, the Dowager Marchioness of Ely, and the Hon. Harriett Phipps.

Prince and Princes Henry of Battenberg drove out, accompanied by Princess Alice of Hesse and Prince Albert Victor of Wales.

Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Albany dined with the Queen and Royal family.

Earl Cadogan and Sir Robert Collins were included in the Royal dinner party, and Lady Collins, and the other ladies and gentlemen, joined the Royal circle in the evening.


Related pages:
  Prince Albert Victor
       Dissertations: Tea, Scandal and the Rippers Shadow 
       Message Boards: Clarence: Was He Jack the Ripper? 
       Message Boards: Prince Albert Victor 
       Press Reports: Burlington Daily Times News - 9 December 1970 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 1 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 10 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 12 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 12 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 13 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 13 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 18 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 19 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 2 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 20 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 20 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 22 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 23 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 24 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 27 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 28 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 29 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 30 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 4 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 5 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 6 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 8 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 8 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 9 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Northwestern - 26 May 1890 
       Press Reports: Echo - 21 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 26 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 6 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 7 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening News - 7 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 13 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 17 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 19 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 20 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 30 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 8 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 9 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Lima Daily Democratic Times - 29 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Lloyds Weekly News - 9 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Macclesfield Courier and Herald - 27 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 2 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 20 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 22 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 6 November 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 8 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Ogden Standard - 3 January 1890 
       Press Reports: Southern Guardian - 22 December 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 20 October 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 7 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Times - 14 November 1970 
       Press Reports: Times - 4 November 1970 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 15 January 1892 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 25 February 1886 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 8 January 1885 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 9 November 1970 
       Ripper Media: Clarence: Was He Jack the Ripper? 
       Ripper Media: Jack the Ripper: A Suspect Guide - Albert Victor Edward D... 
       Ripper Media: Murder and Madness: The Secret Life of Jack the Ripper 
       Ripper Media: Prince Jack: The True Story of Jack the Ripper 
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       Ripper Media: The Prince, His Tutor and the Ripper 
       Suspects: Prince Albert Victor 
  Retinal Photography
       Press Reports: Echo - 13 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 19 September 1888