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St. James Gazette
London, England
18 September 1888


The inquest on Mary Ann Nicholls, who was found murdered in Buck's Row, Whitechapel, on the 31st of August, was resumed before Mr. Wynne Baxter yesterday.

Dr. Llewellyn, recalled, stated that he had examined the body since the previous hearing, and had found a very old scar on the forehead. The deceased had not worn rings for five or six months.

Mrs. Emma Green, stated that she lived in Buck's row, and heard no unusual noise during the night in question, although she was a light sleeper. Noisy people, she said, often passed through the street during the night. Thomas Eade (sic), signalman, deposed that on the fifth inst. he was in Cambridge Heath road, and when just opposite the Foresters' Arms at about noon he saw a man on the opposite side of the street whose peculiar appearance attracted his attention. He seemed to have a wooden arm. The witness caught sight of a knife which was partly concealed in the man's trousers pocket. Three other men stood by, and the witness called upon them to arrest him. They refused to do so, and the man, knowing that the witness was following him, quickened his pace and disappeared. The man had not been found. He was apparently a mechanic, and was a muscular man.

Walter Purkiss stated that he lived opposite where the body was found. Neither he nor his wife heard any unusual noise that night. He was awake about a quarter of an hour before the police called him. It was light enough for him to see the body. If the deceased had called out he must have heard her.

Alfred Malshaw said he was employed by the Whitechapel Board of Works. On Thursday, the 30th of August, he was in Winthorpe (sic) street acting as watchman at some sewage works. He was not asleep between the hours of three and four on the morning of the murder. He saw nobody about at that time, and he did not hear any cries for assistance. Had the deceased cried out, he was not sure he would have heard her.

Police constable Thain said that he passed the end of Buck's row about every thirty minutes. There was nothing to attract his attention until 3.45 a.m. He was then signalled by another police constable's light. He answered and ran to the spot where the deceased was found. He found Neal bending over the body. Neal said, "For God's sake, Jack, go and call a doctor." He went and called Dr. Llewellyn. When he got back there were two workmen and Constable Neal beside the body. He saw a quantity of blood all congealed. When he picked her up the deceased appeared to be covered with blood as far as the waist.

John Hall, carman, said that he lived at 30 Foster street, Whitechapel. On Friday, the 31st of August, he left home just before a quarter to four o'clock. He was passing through Buck's row when he saw a man standing in the middle of the road. As the witness approached the man came on to the pavement. The man touched him on the shoulder and said, "Come and look at this woman here." The witness went with him and saw a woman lying across the gateway. Her hands and face were cold. He knelt down to see if he could hear her breathe, but he could not. They agreed that the best course to pursue was to tell the first policeman they met. They both walked on and met a policeman at the corner of Montague street. He had not met any one before that.

The inquiry was adjourned until Saturday next.

The foreman of the jury said that if a substantial reward had been offered in the first case he believed that the last two murders would never have been perpetrated. Of the matter was put before the Home Secretary, and a large reward was promised, he (the foreman) would willingly give 25. Had the murdered persons belonged to the rich and aristocratic class, a reward would immediately have been offered.

The coroner said he could not agree with the last remarks of the foreman, as he believed that the Government cared just as much for the lives of the poor as for the lives of the rich.

Related pages:
  Polly Nichols
       Home: Timeline - Mary Ann Nichols 
       Dissertations: Old Wounds: Re-examining the Bucks Row Murder 
       Dissertations: The Riddle of New Cottage 
       Message Boards: Mary Ann Nichols 
       Official Documents: Bucks Row - Census Listings 
       Official Documents: Polly Nichol's Inquest 
       Press Reports: Atchison Daily Globe - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Austin Statesman - 05 September 1888 
       Press Reports: British Daily Whig - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 10 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 19 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 29 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Argus - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Argus - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Post - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Post - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 17 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 6 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening News - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening News - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Fort Wayne Gazette - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 1 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 3 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 4 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Grimsby Observer - no date 
       Press Reports: Illustrated Police News - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Illustrated Police News - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Irish Times - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Irish Times - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Lloyds Weekly News - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Lloyds Weekly News - 9 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: New York Times - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 29 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 23 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 9 September 1888 
       Press Reports: St. James Budget - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 6 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 27 April 1866 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Walthamstow and Leyton Guardian - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Weekly Herald - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 21 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 28 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 7 September 1888 
       Victims: Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols 
       Victims: Testimonies of Charles Cross and PC John Neil 
       Victorian London: Buck's Row 
       Witnesses: Henry Tomkins, James Mumford and Charles Brittain